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# Multiplication and Division

Pupils should be able to:

• Identify multiples and factors, including finding all factor pairs of a number, and common factors of two numbers.
• Know and use the vocabulary of prime numbers, prime factors and composite (nonprime) numbers.
• Establish whether a number up to 100 is prime and recall prime numbers up to 19.
• Multiply numbers up to 4 digits by a one- or two-digit number using a formal written method, including long multiplication for two-digit numbers.
• Multiply and divide numbers mentally drawing upon known facts.
• Divide numbers up to 4 digits by a one-digit number using the formal written method of short division and interpret remainders appropriately for the context.
• Multiply and divide whole numbers and those involving decimals by 10, 100 and 1000.
• Recognise and use square numbers and cube numbers, and the notation for squared (2) and cubed (3).
• Solve problems involving multiplication and division including using their knowledge of factors and multiples, squares and cubes.
• Solve problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication and division and a combination of these, including understanding the meaning of the equals sign.
• Solve problems involving multiplication and division, including scaling by simple fractions and problems involving simple rates.

Useful Websites:  BBC: Multiply by 10 and 100 Oak Academy: Multiplication and Division BBC: Multiply and divide by 1 and 0 BBC: Multiply a 3-digit by 1-digit TTRockstars BBC: Divide a 4-digit by 1-digit BBC: 6 times table and division facts

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